Nitrofurantoin (Macrobid)

What is Nitrofurantoin?

Nitrofurantoin is an antibiotic, developed to treat the urinary tract infections. Antibiotics will not treat flu, colds, or other kinds of viral infections. This medicine may also be prescribed by your doctor to treat other conditions.


Nitrofurantoin Information

Nitrofurantoin is an antibiotic for treating various urinary tract infections.

Read the leaflet that goes in a pack of Nitrofurantoin carefully. Follow the instructions of your doctor.

Nitrofurantoin has to be taken orally, twice a day, or 4 times per day. The treating course usually continues for at least a week.

This medicine comes in capsules and in liquid. If you use liquid, shake it before the usage. You may take the medicine with water and with food.

Nitrofurantoin Safety Information

In case of missing a dose of Nitrofurantoin, take it as soon as you remember to do so. However, if it's about time to take your next dose, skip the missed one and follow your regular schedule. Thus take the next dose when it's time for it. Never take a double dose at once! Never exceed the dosage. In case of overdose seek the medical attention immediately!

Keep Nitrofurantoin safe from heat, moisture, and light. Store this product at room temperaturein compactly closed container. Keep this product out of the reach of children. Keep safe from pets.

Make sure you inform your health care prescriber in case you have an allergy to this medicine or any other drug. Inform, your health care provider before you start the therapy in case you have kidney disease, lung disease, anemia, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency (an inherited blood disease), or nerve damage.

Inform your health care provider if you take any other medications, herbal products or any supplements as they may interact with this therapy, in particular antacids, benztropine (Cogentin), diphenhydramine (Benadryl), probenecid (Benemid), antibiotics, trihexyphenidyl (Artane), or vitamins.

Nitrofurantoin Side Effects

Patients may become more sensitive to sunburn while going thru the therapy. Use a sunscreen or wear protective clothing in case you cannot avoid being outside for prolonged period of time. Try to avoid the sun, sunlamps, and tanning booths.

Do not drive, operate machinery or perform any activities, requiring high level of attention, before you find out your reaction to Nitrofurantoin. This medication may cause drowsiness. Avoid drinking alcohol. It may seriously increase the drowsiness while you are going thru the therapy.

The following side effects do not usually need to be reported immediately, but talk to your health care provider if they become continuous or bothersome: dark yellow or brown urine colour; vomiting; appetite loss; stomach disorder.

Seek medical attention immediately in case of the following side effects: excessive tiredness; numbness, tingling, or pinprick sensation in the fingers and toes; skin rash; difficulty breathing; chest pain; swelling of the lips or tongue; fever or chills; persistent cough; muscle weakness.

Talk to your doctor as soon as possible if you are pregnant, have plans for pregnancy or if you are nursing. You should not be treated with this medicine in the last month of the pregnancy. Talk to your doctor about the usage of this preparation while you are pregnant or nursing.

You may require having some medical tests done in order to monitor your health states. Make sure you keep all the tests results and the appointments of your health care provider.

Patients with diabetes should use Clinistix or Tes-Tape, but not Clinitest for testing the urine for sugar. This medicine may affect the Clinitest testing.

Keep a list of all the medications or supplements you take in case of emergency.

Do not share Nitrofurantoin with others, for whom it's not prescribed.